Warning: In this section I decided to display the literal transliteration that is to say the word as it is written and NOT as it should be written. The transliteration of reference will be mentioned when known to me. The comparison of both will reveal in full to the reader the Ancient Egyptians' stenographical way of writing.

The vocabulary displayed is partly built on the book of Raymond O. FAULKNER, A Concise Dictionary of Middle Egyptian, Oxford, 1962. Specials thanks are given to the Griffith Institute for the permission to use it.


Gardiner Sinai

Claude Obsomer Senwosret I

Breasted, Ancient records of Egypt

Lichtheim, Miriam, Ancient Egyptian literature

Lichtheim, Ancient Egyptian autobiographies

Parkinson, Voices from Ancient Egypt

Tallet, Sésostris III

Stelae of Athens

Women and writing in the Middle Kingdom

Stela Boston No 13.3967/20.1222

Stela of Senwosret III

Inscription of Senwosret I

Leiden Stela V 125

White Chapel of Senwosret I

Contracts of Hapydjefa

Wadi Hammamat Inscriptions

Dedicatory Inscription of Senwosret II

Inscription of Sarenput from his tomb at Assuan

New Inscriptions of Wadi Hammamat

Graffito of Sehel

Inscription of Khnumhotep II

Stela Cairo JE 35256

Letters to the Dead

Relief from the reign of Amenemhet III

Inscriptions of the Wadi el-Hudi

Inscription of Nefer-Her, Saqqara

Stelae of the Poushkine Museum

Stela of Rudjahau

Stela of Khety

Stelae of Vienna

Stela of Hatnoub

Stela of Senwosret III (First and Second Semneh Stela)

Stela of Iymerou

Stela of Sobek-dedu


Teaching of Ptahhotep

Story of Sinuhe

Papyrus Westcar

Hekanakhte Papers


The Instruction of Merikare

Satire of Trades

Caminos, Literary fragments

Debate between a man tired of life and his soul (Berlin Papyrus No.3024)

Teaching of a father to his son

Teaching of Amenemhet I

Hymns to the crown


Teaching of Djedefhor

Hymn to the Nile

Hymn of Sehetep-ib-Ra

Hymns to Senwosret III


Loyalist Teaching

Prophecy of Neferty

The Eloquent Peasant

Mathematical Papyrus

Letters from Illahun

Papyrus Lythgoe

Semneh Despatches

Report concerning the slave-girl Senbet

Magical spell for the protection of a baby