Warning: In this section I decided to display the literal transliteration that is to say the word as it is written and NOT as it should be written. The transliteration of reference will be mentioned when known to me. The comparison of both will reveal in full to the reader the Ancient Egyptians' stenographical way of writing.



The vocabulary displayed is partly built on the book of Raymond O. FAULKNER, A Concise Dictionary of Middle Egyptian, Oxford, 1962. Specials thanks are given to the Griffith Institute for the permission to use it.


Bibliography: Sethe, Kurt, Historisch-biographische Urkunden des Mittleren Reiches, Leipzig, 1935, Urkunden des Ägyptischen Altertums Abt. VII (Sethe Urk. VII); Breasted, James Henry, Ancient records of Egypt : historical documents from the earliest times to the Persian conquest, 5 vol., Chicago, 1906-1907, vol. I (B I); Lalouette, Claire, Au royaume d'Egypte : le temps des rois-dieux, Paris, 1991 (L.); Lange, Hans Ostenfeldt, Schäfer, Heinrich, Grab- und Denksteine des Mittleren Reichs im Museum von Kairo, 4 vol., Berlin, 1902-1925 (CG); Moncrieff, Philip David Scott and al., Hieroglyphic texts from Egyptian stelae, etc., in the British Museum, 12 vol., Londres, 1911-1993 (HTES); Lepsius, Richard, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien ..., 6 t. en 12 vol., Leipzig, 1849-1913, tome II
(LD II)



Breasted, Ancient records of Egypt


Inscription of Khnumhotep I


Sethe Urk. VII, 11; B I 465


rpa HAty-a xtmt-bit smr-wat imA-a Hry-tp aA n mA-HD

imy-is iry-nxn Hry-tp nxb

sHtp psDt imt Hr-wr

... r drp ...

Sm i.y imt sr.wy m mrrt nt pr-nsw

rx-nswt mAa HAty-a Xnm-Htp nb imAx

i anxw tpw-tA mr.rw anx msD.Dw mt

mr.rw imAxy ... xr nswt

Dd.w xA m t xA m Hnqt iH Apd n HAty-a Xnm-Htpi

pr(.i) m niwt.i Sm(.i) r spAt(.i)

n sp ir.y(.i) bin r s ...


...

iw rd.n wi Hm n nb.i a.w.s nswt-bit sHtp-ib-ra sA-ra imn-m-HAt

anx Dt r nHH r ...

h.kwi Hna Hm.f r Smaw m aHa.w n aS 20

aHa.n.f iw Hr ... dr.n.f sw m idbwy

nHs... sttyw xr(.w)

nt-a.f tA am idbwy ...

rxyt ... mn Hr aHaw.w.sn

...

aHa.n rd.n wi Hm.f m HAty-a n mnat-xwfw

sxr.i iqr Hr ib n Hm.f mrt(?) m ...

aHa.n grg(?).n(.i) niwt.i smnx.n(.i) spAtyw(?).i

aHa.n rd.n Hm.f ir.t(w) n(.i) Dd(t) a r(.i) ...

... inw.s wn m ...

nDs.w wn m bAkw ...


Inscription of Korusko


Brugsch, Heinrich, Thesaurus inscriptionum aegyptiacarum, 6 vol., Leipzig, 1883-1891, vol. V, 1213; B, I, 472


rnpt-sp 29 nt nswt-bit sHtp-ib-ra anx Dt iw.t.n r sxr.t wAwAt


Dedication inscription


Annales du Service des Antiquités de l'Egypte, III, Le Caire, 1902, p. 102; B, I, 484


anx Hr wHm-mswt sA-ra imn-m-HAt ir.n.f m mnw.f n it.f imn-ra nb nswt tAwy

ir.t n.f DbAt m mAT ir.f n.f di-anx Dt


Naville, Edouard, Bubastis (1887-1889), EEF VIII, London, 1891, pl. 33A; B, I, 484


Hr wHm-mswt nbty wHm-mswt nswt-bit

ir.n.f m mnw.f n mwt.f bAstt ir(t) n(.s) sbA ...


The building inscription of the Temple of Heliopolis


Annales du Service des Antiquités de l'Egypte, IV, p. 102; B, I, 498


... msnt(?) mnt sDAt aA.t aSA.t ...

... aA.t aSA.t ... (n) anqt msnt(?) sDAt ... HD Hst nbw Hst Hsmn Hst Hmt Hst.y hbn sHtp HD sHtp (n) xnty imntyw nb Abdw ...

Hsmn Hst Hmt Hst.y hbn sHtp (n) in-Hr m Tn HD Hst nbw Hst Hsmn Hst Hmt Hst.y hbn sHtp HD sHtp (n) ipw HD Hst nbw Hst Hsmn sHtp Hmt Hst.y hbn Hst HD Hst ...

... mnit qd(.i) Hwt-nTr n stt n anqt Xnm xnti qbH m inr saHa(.i) Hwt-nTr n Hr tA-st m wTs-Hr ...

... .f m mnw.f n tm nb iwnw HD Hnw ...

... nbw ddwt HD ...

... twt r sAw ms.t(w) wADt nb(t) p dp Hmt Hnw twt s-n-wsrt r p(?) xnty ipw ... nb-Hwt ...

... (n) psDt m Xry-aHA Hmt Hnw ms.t(w) Hap na.t.i m xsft r Ab rd.t(w) wdHw(w) n nTrw rs.w (n) Hwt-Hr nb(t) iwnt nbw ...

... HmAgt ... HmAgt(?) Hwt-Hr nb(t) qis HmAgt msnt(?) ...


Stern, Ludw., Urkunde über den Bau des Sonnentempels zu On, in ZAS 12, 1874, p. 85-96; B, I, 501


Stern, op. cit., p. 86


qsty

rnpt-sp 5 Abd 3 Axt xr Hm n nsw-bit nfr-xprw-ra sA-ra imn-Htp nTr HqA-wAst anx Dt r nHH

rnpt-sp 3 Abd 3 Axt sw ... xr Hm n nsw-bit xpr-kA-ra sA-ra s-n-wsrt

mAa-xrw anx Dt r nHH it(?) xa.t(w) m sxmty xpr Hms

m DAd nD-r imyw-xt.f smr.w nw ...

(pr-aA) a.w.s wr.w r st aA.t wD(.w) mdt xft sDm.s(n)

nD-r m swn Hr.sn mtn Hm.i Hr SA(t) kAt

sxA(ti) m sp m Axt n m-xt ir.y.i mnw


smn.i wD(w) rdw.w (n) Hr-Axty ...


Wadi Halfa Inscription of Mentuhotep


B, I, 510; Breasted in PSBA 23, 1901, 230-235, pl. I-III; Brugsch, Thesaurus, op. cit., vol. VI, 1444 f


Dd-mdw in mnTw nb wAst in.n(.i) n.k xAswt nb.t ... tA-st

kAS ... Smyk(?) XsAi(?) SAat ixrqyn(?) ...

Hr iT.w m At ...

... n(?) irt.y sbA wa(?) sHD tAwy

kA HD ptpt.t(y).f(y) iwntyw dA.f ...

... (tA-sty)


Inscription of Amenemhet-Ameni


Sethe Urk. VII, 14; B I 515; L. 173


rnpt-sp 43 xr Hm n Hr anx-mswt nswt-bit xpr-kA-ra anx Dt

nbty anx-mswt Hr-nbw anx-mswt sA-ra s-n-wsrt anx Dt r nHH

xft rnpt-sp 25 m mA-HD m rpa HAty-a imA-a imn mAa-xrw

rnpt-sp 43 Abd 2 Axt sw 15

i mr.rw anx msD.Dw mt Dd.w xA m t Hnqt xA m iH.w Apd.w

n kA n rpa HAty-a imA-a Hry-tp aA n mA-HD ... iry-nxn Hry-tp nxb

mr Hmw-nTr imny mAa-xrw


Sms.i nb.i xft xnt.f r sxr xfty.w.f m xAsty.w 4

xnt.n.i m sA HAty-a xtm-bit mr mSa wr n mA-HD

m idn s it.f iAw.w

xft Hstt(.f) m pr-nswt mrwt.f m stp-sA

sn.i kAS m-xntyt

in.n.i Drw tA

in.n.i inw (n) nb.i

Hst.i pH.s pt

aHa.n Hm.f wDA(.w) m Htp

sxr.n.f xft.w.f m kAS Xs.t

i.i.n.i Hr Sms.f m spd-Hr

n xpr nhw m mSa.i

xnt.k(w)i r in.t biAw n nbw n Hm n nswt-bit

xpr-kA-ra anx Dt r nHH

xnt.n.i Hna rpa HAty-a sA-nswt smsw n Xt.f imny a.w.s

xnt.n.i m Hsb 400 m stpw nb n mSa.i

i.w m Htp nn nhw.sn

in.n.i nbw SA(y) n.i

Hs.kwi Hr.s m pr-nswt dwA-nTr n.i sA-nswt


aHa.n.i xnt.kwi r sb.t biAw r dmi n gbtyw

Hna rpa HAty-a mr niwt TAt s-n-wsrt a.w.s

xnt.n.i m Hsb 600 m qn nb n mA-HD

i.i.kwi m Htp mSa.i aD(.w)

ir.n.i Dd.t n.i nb.t

ink nb iAmt wAH mrt HqA mr niwt.f

ir.n.i grt rnpwt m HqA m mA-HD

bAkw nb n pr-nswt Hr xpr m-a.i

aHa.n rd n.i mr Tswt n gsw-prw nw mniw.w nw mA-HD

kA 3000 m nHbw.sn

Hs.kwi Hr.s m pr-nswt r Tnw rnpt nt irw

fA.n.i bAkw.sn nb(w) n pr-nswt

nn Hrt-a r.i m xA.f nb

iw bAk n.i mA-HD r-Dr.f m nmtt wAHt

nn sAt nDs shb.t.n.i

nn XArt dAi.t.n.i

nn iHwty xsf(w).n.i

nn mniw Sna(w).n.i

nn wn mr diwt iT(w).n.i rmT.f Hr bAkw

nn wn mAr n hAw.i

nn Hqr n rk.i

iw xpr.n rnpwt Hqr

aHa.n skA.n.i AHwt nb.t nt mA-HD r tAS.f rs mHt

sanx Xrw.f ir Sbw.f

n xpr Hqr im.f

rd.n.i n XArt mi nbt hy

n sTn.i wr r Sr m rd.t.n.i nb.t

aHa.n Haprw wr.w xpr nb.w it bty nb.w xt nb(t)

n Sd.i Hr-a n iHtt


Inscription of Intefoker (stela Leiden V 3)


B, I, 529


rnpt-sp 33 xr Hm n xpr-kA-ra anx Dt

...n imAx sS n TmA imy-r AHwt m tp-rs imsw rs r

iqr mHty r mnw iw grt ir.n sS AHwt m mw nw tA-wr AbDw it it n it.i Dr rk Hr wAH-anx nswt-bit sA-ra in-it-f


Inscriptions of Mentuhotep


B, I, 530; CG 20539


rpa HAty-a TAt tAyty sAb r-nxn Hm-nTr mAat dd hp.w sxnt iAwwt smn iswt

tAS.w wp.p xrp r snnw.f imy-irty Hnmmt shr.r tA r-Dr.f s n mAat

xnt tAwy mt mAa mi DHwty snnw.f m shr.t tAwy rpa m wp.t

nbwy Hry-tp n wDat dd xt r st irt xtm-bit mr xtm mnTw-Htp

rpa HAty-a mr kAt nb(t) n nswt srwD pAwt nTrw dd tA pn Hr

(?) .f mi wD nTr ir sw ...

dd pr snwy Htp(.w) m prw-n-r.f sS n DHwty Hr ns.f

aqA r (tx) mity mxAt snnw n nswt m nD Hr ... wAH-ib

r sDm.t mdt mity nTr m wnwt.f mnx ib Hmww m Dba.w.f ir iAt

mi iry.s mH-ib n nswt xnt tAwy mry.f m-m smr.w

sxm-ir-f m sr.w xnt-st r smA st-Hr s n wayw(?) / waaw wbA.w n.f ib rpa r ... wsxt gm mdt nt aH

rx imy Xt nb.t

dd s r wn(?).f mAa gm xt gA.Aw r.s rd gr

grg n Dd sw mAat n i.y Xr.s wAH-ib iwt snnw

nfr sDm iqr Dd (sr) wHa Tsst Tn.n(w) nTr xnt HH.w m s

mnx rx(w).n.f rn.f tw mAa n mrwt Sw.y m ir.t isft

sA.i iwt.f Snyt sid.dy sbi Hr nswt sDm mabAt dd Awr(?).f m xAsty.w sgrH.n.f Hrw-Sa

sHtp sbit Hr irt.sn sxm (iryt).f m idbwy Hry-tp n kmt

dSrt dd wD.w n rswt ip ... n tA-mHw Sm.w

bw-nb

m Sw.f imy-irty n rxt dd kAw sxnt iAwwt

nb sxr.w aA mrwt snnw n nswt m wsxt aA.t rpa HAty-a

mr xtmt mnTw-Htp Dd.f

ink smr mry nb.f ir(r) Hs.st nTr.f m Xrt-hrw nt ra nb rpa HAty-a sm

xrp SnDwt nb.t Hr Hry-sStA Hm-nTr inpw ... Hry-wDb mnTw-Htp

rpa m swt-Dsrw(?) mdw r xrw.f m pr-bit Hry

sgr n Snwt wa n nswt iwt snnw.f sar mAat

r aH wHmw aA n bw-nfr wa wr sanx rxt

i.yw n.f wr m ksw r rwt.y

pr-nswt r-nxn Hm-nTr mAat iwn xnt dSrt mr st imntt xrp

wr.w Smaw mHw mdw-rxyt iwn-knmwt mr-nTr t-nTr Hm-nTr Hr(?) / nbwy(?)

Hry-sStA n pr-anx ... mr wsxt Hm-nTr Hr-kftiw Hry-tp aA n Xkrt-nsw smA.y

n Ha-nTr ... mr Snwty mr prwy-HD mr prwy-nbw mr sS n nswt

n xft-Hr xtm-bit smr-wa Hry-sStA n mdw-nTr mr ... mnTw-Htp Dd.f

...

... ink xrp kAt m Hwt-nTr qd pr.f SAd S xws.n(.i) Xnmt m wD Hm n nb

...

...

xrp.n.i kAt m Hwt-nTr xws.t m in n anw

... iw xrp.n.i

kAt m nSmt ms.n(.i) (in).s

...

...

... wDHw m xsbd m Hsmn m Dam HD wr Hmt nn Dr.f Hsmn nn Dr-a.f wsx.w mfkAt (mAa)t

mnfrt m ... nb ... m stpw n xt nb(t) rd(t) n nTr m

xa.f m iAt.i nt

(Hry-sStA)


The contracts of Hepzefi


Sethe Urk. VII, 53; B I 535


rpa HAty-a xtm-bit smr-wat mr Hm-nTr mAa n wp-wAwt nb sAwt

Df-i-Hp Dd.f

...


Inscription of Simontu


B, I, 594; HTES II, pl. 21


rnpt-sp 3 xr Hm n nswt-bit nbw-kAw-ra anx mi ra

rpa HAty-a xtm-bit smr-wa imy-ib Hr nb aH ir(r) Hs.st ra nb

sS a-n-nswt sA-mnTw nb imAx Dd.f ms.i

m rk Hm n nswt-bit sHtp-ib-ra mAa-xrw ink Ts mDH xr Hm.f

sDA m Htp nswt-bit xpr-kA-ra anx Dt d i Hm.f m sS

n xnrt ... iw Hs.n.f i Hr.f r aAt wrt rd i Hm.f r sS

n TmA Hs wi Hm.f Hr.f r aAt wrt d i Hm.f m imy-r Hsb it

m Smaw mHw Hs wi Hm.f Hr.f r aAt wrt d w Hm.f m sS n xnrt aA(t)

Hs w Hm.f Hr.f r aAt wrt d w Hm.f m sS a-n-nswt imy-r kAt

m tA r-Dr.f Hs w Hm.f n gr(.i) mr.n.f w n dr(.i) srf n

sp wHm.i mdt nb.t Dw.t imAx sS a-n-nswt sA-mnTw


Inscription of Sihathor


B, I, 599; HTES II, pl. 20 and 19


ink mry nb.f mAa nswt-bit nbw-kAw-ra anx Dt

xrp.f hAb.f w sp.w aSAw

r wpt nb(t) nt mnxt

mr.rt Hm.f ir(r) mi st-ib nt

Hm.f ...


rd.t sb.t r sxm-imnw(?) anx Dt

r xrp kAt m twt.f (16)

n rwdt n HH xpr xma(?)

n hrw Abd 2 n

xpr mitt m-a xrp nb ...


ir.n.i biA m nxnt dAr.n.i wr.w r ia.t nbw

in.i mfkAt pH.n(.i) tA-st n nHsw i.i Hr (sxr.t)

m snD n nb tAwy Sm.kw(i) HA(?) dbn(.i) iw.w.f in.n(.i) sS.w


mry nb.f mAa n st-ib.f Dd nfrt wHm mr.rt ir(r) Hs.st nb tAwy smi

sSm.f nn am-ib (sAq-ib) Sw m (ht(?))

mk tAS.f rs Xrt.f rs-tp Sw m (gb(?))

Xry-a xtm sA-Hwt-Hr mAa-xrw


Inscription of Khentkhetwer


B, I, 604; Birch, Samuel, Catalogue of the Collection of Egyptian Antiquities at Alnwick Castle, London, 1880, p. 268, pl. III


rd.t dwA-nTr iA n Hr ... n mnw gbty

in rpa HAty-a xtm-bit mr rwryt

xnty-Xt-wr m-xt iwt.f m

Htp m pwnt mSa.f

Hna.f wDA(.w) snb(.w) aHaw.f Htp(.w)

n sAww

rnpt-sp 28


Sinai Inscription


B, I, 606; Gardiner Alan H. and Peet T. Eric, The inscriptions of Sinai, 2 vol., EES 45, London 1952-1955, vol. I, pl. XVI


rnpt-sp 24 xr Hm n nswt-bit ra nbw nbw-kAw-ra anx Dt

Htt nxb.t.n rx-nswt mAa ...

... mr aprw ...

... mn ir.n mwt mAa-xrw nb imAx


Stela of Khentemsemeti


B, I, 607; HTES II, pl. 8


Hr Hkn-m-mAat nswt-bit nbw-kAw-ra mry wsir xnty imntyw d anx

bAk.f mAa n st-ib.f Hry-sStA n Xkr-nswt xnt-m-s(m)ty Dd.f iw d.n wi

Hm.f r-rdwy.f m nxnt dm(.w) rn.i xnt mit.w.i wn.in Hm.f wSd.f

wi aD.f biAt nt ra nb wn.k(wi) rf m ... Hs wi m hrw

pn r sf xpr.k(w)i m rx-nsw mAa(?) Ssp.n Hm.f nmtw.i d(.w) sr.w r aHaw.sn

nD(.w) n.i iAt m-bAH.sn ... Hm-nTr n Smas mHws

Xnm Hm n Xkrt-nsw (msms(?)) wrt-HkAw twA HDt m pr-wr Hry-tp nxb Hm

nt m pr-nw dmD.w n.f a rxt sA iwt.f m DbAw nt m

sxa.t Hr nb aH mnat nTr m waaw ... xrp sAw

m sm StA nb snD m Hwwt nt sxm aA m Hwt-nbw (m) mswt nTr m nhpw


i.n.i m-xnt xr Hm.f rd.f sip(.i) itw-nTr dr(.i) nkn srwD(.i) mswt

kAt.sn m xt nHH wD.n.i nb.t wDHw.w.sn Dam Xr sDAwt.i

pH.n.i Abw mi wDt tn sn.i tA n nb.w qbHw i.n.i Hr (wAt) ir.t.n.i

Hr.s H.n.i mnit r AbDw wd.k(w)i rn.i

r bw Xry nTr wsir xnty imntyw nb nHH HqA imnt rw.w

n.f ntt wn n-mrwt Ax im m Hr-ib Sms.w

n nb anx wnm.i pAq.f pr.i m hrw ir bA.i

irtyw rmT imA-ib n aHat.i m(?) Drt(?)

n srx.i Dr-ntt n ir.i DAt xnm n.i nTr m

mAat wn.i im bAk.i Ax.k(wi) m st

HqAt nt nHH ir.i Hpt hA(.i) r nSmt sn.i

tA n wp-wAwt xnty-m-s(m)ty mAa-xrw nb imAx


Inscription of Hapu


B, I, 614; De Morgan, J. Catalogue des monuments et inscriptions de l'Égypte antique.1.De la frontière de Nubie à Kom Ombos. Vienne, 1894, p. 25, No 178


nswt-bit nbw-kAw-ra anx Dt mry sTyt nb(t) Ab

nswt-bit xpr-xa-ra d anx mi ra mry Xnmw nb qbHw

ir(.w) m rnpt-sp 3 xr Hm Hr sSmw-tAwy

xft rnpt-sp (35) xr Hm Hr Hkn-m-mAat

i.t ... HApw r ir.t sipt

m mnnw n wAwAt


The conquest of Nubia I The canal inscriptions


B, I, 642; de Morgan, Catalogue de monuments, op. cit., p. 87, No 39


ir.n.f m mnw.f n anqt nbt tA-st

ir.t n.s mr nfr-wAwt-xa-kAw-ra rn.f ir.f anx Dt


B, I, 647; de Morgan, Catalogue de monuments, op. cit., p. 86, No 20


nTr nfr nb tAwy xa-kAw-ra

stt nb(t) Abw

rnpt-sp 8 xr Hm n nswt-bit xa-kAw-ra anx Dt wD Hm.f

ir.t mr m-mAt rn n mr pn nfrw-wAwt-xa-kAw-ra (anx) Dt

m-xt wDA Hm.f m-xnt r sxr.t kAS Xs.t

Aw n mr pn mH 150

wsx (n mr pn mH) 20

mDwt (n mr pn mH) 15


The conquest of Nubia. The Elephantine Inscription


B, I, 649; HTES IV, pl. 10


rnpt-sp 9 Abd 3 Smw xr Hm n nswt-bit xa-kAw-ra mry stt (nbt)

Abw anx Dt wD Hm.f n wr-mD imny

... m mnnw Abw (r) ir.t ... n gsw-prw nw Smaw

... Hry-wDb n Abw xft wDA

... (snb(.w)) r sxr.t kAS Xs.t

HAty-a nbw-kAw-ra


The conquest of Nubia. Inscriptions of Sisatet
(stèle of Ameny, Geneva D 50)


B, I, 671; Simpson W. K., The Terrace of the Great God at Abydos. The Offering Chapels of Dynasties 12 and 13, Publications of the Pennsylvania-Yale Expedition to Egypt 5, New Haven und Philadelphia 1974, pl. 4


imy-r aXnwty sA-stt Dd.f i.n(.i) r AbDw

Hna imy-r xtmty.w i-Xr-nfrt r ms.t

wsir xnty imntyw nb AbDw xft wDA

nswt-bit nbw-kAw-ra anx Dt Hr sxr.t kAS Xs.t m rnpt-sp 19


stela Louvre C 5


B, I, 673; Gayet, Albert Jean, Musée du Louvre : stèles de la XIIe dynastie , Paris, 1886-1889, pl. VIII and IX


rnpt-sp 1 xr Hm n nswt-bit n(y)-mAat-ra anx Dt ir n nHH wD ir(w).n

imy-r aXnwt n xA n imy-r xtm sA-stt n-mrwt mn rn.f r rwd n nTr-aA


Inscription of Thuthotep


Sethe Urk. VII, 46, bottom; B I 692


Dd-mdw.f xr it.f saA.f rn pr(w).n.f xnt.f

n wr.w aA.w Hswt.i iptn xr it.i xr nTr.i

d.t.f w m Hr n niwt.f Hry-tp aA n wnt m sti n wtt sw

mdw-iAwy pw n it.f pn rd.n.f w m Hr niwt.f


(further up)


mA.i nn ir(w).n n.i nb.i

sDm nn ir(w).n n.i nTr.i

rd.t.f sA.i m Hr niwt.f Hry-tp aA n wnt m sti n ir wi


Sethe Urk. VII, 47; B I 696


Sms twt n mH 13 m inr n Hwt-nbw

isT StA wrt wAt i.t.n.f Hr.s r xt nb(t)

isT StA Hr ib n rmT itH aAttyw Hr.s

m-a inr StA n snt m inr n rwdt

rd.k(w)i iw.t DAm n Hwn.w nfrw

r ir.t n.f wAt

Hna sA n Xrtyw-nTr n ikw.w

xrp.w Hna rx.w Dd rmT nt nxt-a

i.n r in.t.f

ib.i Aw(.w) niwt dmD.t(i) Ha.t(i)

nfr wrt mAA r xt nb.t iAw im(.sn) rhn.n.f Hr Xrd

nxtw-a m-ab sdA.w

ib.sn xpr a.wy.sn nxt

wa im(.sn) Hr ir.t pHt s 1000

isT twt pn ifd m pr m Dw aA m SAw r xt nb(t)

Haw.w apr(.w) mH(.w) m Spss tp-mAa n mSa.i n nfrw

DAmw Xr sk.w tp-mAa.f

tpt-r.sn m dwAwt m Hswt.i nt xr-nsw

ms.w.i ... Xkr m-xt.i

spAtyw.i Hr nis dwAwt

spr.n.i r dmi n niwt tn

niwt dmD.t(i) Ha.t(i) nfr wrt mAA r xt nb.t

HAtyw-a ir.w m HAt

sAb aD-mr.w ir.w n wDa-mdw m-Xnw niwt tn

smn(w) n mxAwt tp-itrw

n kA ib.sn nn ir(w).n.i

ir.t.i n.i Hwt-kA Xrt smnx.t n Dt Dt

m-xt Htp is.i pn m kAt.f nt Dt Dt


Sethe Urk. VII, 49


DAm n imnt wnt (Hr) iw(t) m Htp

Dd-mdw imntt m Hb

ib.sn Aw(.w) mAA.sn mnw n nb.sn

iwaw xpr m Hr-ib.sn

pr.f pr it.f iw.f m nxnw


further up


DAm n aHAwt.w n wnt spr m Htp

Dd-mdw nfrw n DAm ir(w).n nb.f

iwaw wAD m Hst ity nb

iw n swAD n ms.w.f m-xt.f

ib.n Aw(.w) m Hst nt nswt mn wAH


further up


sA n wab.w n wnt (Hr) iw.t m Htp

Dd-mdw mr.w DHwty DHwty-Htp mry nswt

mr.rw niwtyw.f Hs.sw nTrw.s nb.w

rw-prw m Hb ib.sn Aw(.w) mA.sn Hswt.k nt xr-nswt


Sethe Urk. VII, 48, bottom


DAm n iAbtt wnt (Hr) iw.t m Htp

Dd-mdw wDA.n nb.i r Trti nmty(?) Ha.w im.f

it.w.f m Hb ib.sn Aw(.w)

Ha.w m mnw.f nfr.w


Sethe Urk. VII, 49


wnt m Hb ib.s Aw(.w) iAw.w.s Xrd(.w)

DAmw.s swAD(.w) Xrd.w.s Hr nhm

ib.sn m Hb

mAA.sn nb.sn sA nb.sn m Hst ity

Hr ir.t mnw.f


Sethe Urk. VII, 50


sxp.t HAt wDHw in.nt spAwt.f

imt wnt n twt pn n HAty-a DHwty-Htp nb imAx


Inscriptions of Sinai. Inscriptions of Khenemsu


B, I, 714; Lepsius, LD II, 137 c


rnpt-sp 2 xr Hm n nsw-bit n(y)-mAat-ra sA-ra imn-m-HAt anx Dt r nHH

mAa(.w) xtm-nTr imy-r aXnwt wr pr-HD xnty-Xty-Htp-xnmsw(?)

r in.t mfkAt Hmt rxt nt mSa.f 734


Inscriptions of Sinai. Inscription of Harnakht


B, I, 717; Brugsch, Thesaurus VI, 1488; Weill, Sinai 134


rnpt-sp 2 Hm n nsw-bit n(y)-mAat-ra anx Dt

(stp(w)) xnt smdt.f

mDd wAwt nt smnx sw iw DA.n(.i)

nwn Xr Spss m wpt Hr nb aH

iry-at n pr-HD (Hb-aA(?)) Hr-nxt rn.f nfr Hr-n-tA-mHw


Inscriptions of Sinai. Inscription of Sebekdidi


B, I, 719 ; Lepsius, LD II, 137 f


rnpt-sp 41 xr Hm n

nswt-bit nb tAwy n(y)-mAat-ra d anx mi ra Dt

rx-nsw mAa mry.f n st-ib.f ... sbk-dd-rn-f-snb

mrrw ptH rs-inb-f Hwt-Hr

nbt mfkAt Dd.t(y).fy Htp-di-nsw n kA n

xtmw Xry-a n mr xtm s-n-wsrt


Inscriptions of Sinai. Inscription of Ameni


B, I, 721; Lepsius LD II, 137 g


rnpt-sp 42 xr Hm n nswt-bit nb tAwy n(y)-mAat-ra anx Dt

(mry) Hwt-Hr nbt mfkAt mr aXnwt wr n pr-HD imny mAa-xrw

mry Hwt-Hr nbt mfkAt xtmw Xry-a n imy-r xtmt s-n-wsrt-snb-sbkxyt

Hsy n Hwt-Hr nbt mfkAt spdw nb iAbt snfrw nb xAswt nTrw nTrwt (imy.w)

tA pn ir.y n Hwt-Hr Htwt nb.t nfr.t mr.r(w) pH

m Htp Dd.t(y).f(y) Htp-di-nsw n kA n xtmw Xry-a n imy-r xtmt sbk-Htp

mry Hwt-Hr nb mfkAt iry-at itw ...

mmw(?) Hr-pr n pr-aA snbt(y)fy (Xrty-nTr(?)) 20


Inscriptions of Sinai. Inscription of Sebek-hir-hab


B, I, 725; Gardiner, op. cit., pl. XVII


wn Htt r tp-nfr swADt-mSa-s-rdt-ntt-im-s rn.s

rnpt-sp 44 xr Hm n nswt-bit nbty iT-iwat-tAwy Hr aA-bAw n(y)-mAat-ra mry Hwt-Hr nbt mfkAt

d anx mi ra Dt i anxw tp.w (tA) iw.t(y).sn r biA pn wAH.n Tn nswt.Tn Hs Tn nTrw.Tn pH.Tn m Htp

Dd.Tn xA m t Hnqt iH(w) Apd.w snTr mrHt xt nb.t anx.t nTr im n kA n imy-r aXnwti n pr-anx sbk-Hr-Hb wHm anx nfr

ir.n nbt-pr Hnwt mAat-xrw imy-r aXnwti sbk-Hr-Hb Dd.f iw

nxb.n.i Htt n nb.i i.i.n nfrw.i mH(.w) r-Dr.sn n sp xpr (pwy(?))

im sr pn Dd.f Spsw-nswt smr.w aH imi iA n nswt sqA bAw.f

dwA nswt mA xpr.t n.f Dw.w Hr sSm.t ntt im.s ...

... xAswt Xr Awt.sn it.f gb Hnk.f st Hr ...

...

... in.n.i n.s wDHw m msnt(?)

pAqt ... xrp.n.i n.s Htp-nTr kA.w

r.w ... sb.n.s wi m sb.t.s nfr.t ...

... r rwD ... ir.t.n.i n.s anx.i Dd.n.i m-mAat


Inscriptions of Sinai. Inscription of Ptahwer


B, I, 728; Gardiner, op. cit., pl. XVIII (no 54)


rnpt-sp 45 xr Hm n nTr nfr nb tAwy

n(y)-mAat-ra d anx Dt mry Hwt-Hr

... aSA.t m ...

..kwy spd Hr smi.f

n nb.f ... stt n nty

m aH in mntw(?)

m rd.wy.f hbhb inwt

StA.t in pHw

tm.mt rx imy-r aXnwty

wr n pr-HD ptH-wr mAa-xrw ir.n it


Inscriptions of Sinai. Inscription of Amenemhat


B, I, 730; Lepsius LD II, 144 q


mAa.n nTr pn xtmw-nTr mr aXnwti xrp nfrw smr pr-aA(?)

imn-m-HAt r in.t aAtt

Sps.t n Hm.f xtm-nTr pn Dd.f

i.i.n.i r biA n kA(?)

iw SA.n.i bAkw

ir.y(.i) Htr n bAkw

m mfkAt ... n s 5(?)

m Xrt-hrw nt ra nb m-sSrw ...

... n sp pA.t

ir.t st Dr hAw nswt-bit snfrw mAa-xrw

aHa.n.i spr.k(w)i r tA pn

(?).n.i kAt r tp-nfr bAw nswt

... Hm.f pw ...


Turra Inscription


B, I, 739; Lepsius LD II, 143 i


(rnpt-sp 43)

sA-ra imn-m-HAt

wn Htwt m-mAwt r HA.i

inr HD nfr n an r Hwwt nt Hm-nTr pn nt HH

m rnpt nfr(.w)(?) Xr-a rpa HAty-a xtm-bit smr-wat

...


Kummeh inscription


B, I, 749; Lepsius LD II, 152 f


r n Hap n rnpt-sp 5

xr Hm n nswt-bit mAa-xrw-ra

anx Dt r nHH


Sinai Inscriptions


B, I, 750; Lepsius LD II, 137 d


rnpt-sp (6) ... nsw-bit (mAa-xrw-ra) d anx Dt

mry (spdw) ... Hwt-Hr nbt mfkAt

... ib ...

... (?)

...

...

... iry-at n pr-aA

xaAy ir.n Hnw(t)


Lichtheim, Miriam, Ancient Egyptian literature


Bibliography: Lichtheim, Miriam, Ancient Egyptian literature : a book of readings, 3 vol., Berkeley, Londres, 1973-1980; Moncrieff, Philip David Scott and al., Hieroglyphic texts from Egyptian stelae, etc., in the British Museum, 12 vol., Londres, 1911-1993; Lange, Hans Ostenfeldt, Schäfer, Heinrich, Grab- und Denksteine des Mittleren Reichs im Museum von Kairo, 4 vol., Berlin, 1902-1925



Stela of Iki, Leiden V 68


ZAS 32, p. 124, Lichtheim, 193


is pn qd.n.tw.k n Hb

snT.n.tw.k

n bw-nfr

Hsw

nfr-Htp ms.n HAnw


Lichtheim, Ancient Egyptian autobiographies


Bibliography: Lichtheim, Miriam, Ancient Egyptian autobiographies chiefly of the Middle Kingdom : a study and an anthology, Fribourg, Göttingen, 1988


28) Stela of the Chief Priest Rudjahau CG 20514


Lange-Schäfer, op. cit., Grab und Denksteine II, p. 104


Htp-di-nswt wsir nb Ddw xnty imntyw nb AbDw m swt.f nb(t) pr-xrw t Hnqt xA ...

... xA Ss mnxt xA xt nb.t nfr(t) wab.t ... wab n xnty-imntyw

dbHt-Htp m pr wsir ...

mr Hm-nTr imy-xnt aA m tA-Dsr wab aA m tA-wr AbDw sSmw n Hnmmt hrw dmD tAwy

rwD-aHAw mAa-xrw


40) Stela of the Hall-Keeper Djaa BM 573


HTES II, pl. VI


rnpt-sp 6 xr Hm n Hr sSmw-tAwy

nbty sxa-mAat (Hr-nbw) Htp-nTrw nswt-bit xa-xpr-ra sA-ra s-n-wsrt d anx mi ra Dt

Htp-di-nswt wsir nb Ddw xnty imntyw nTr-aA nb AbDw Htp-di Hqt Hna

Xnmw Htp-di nTrw nb.w AbDw pr-xrw t Hnqt iH Apd Ss mnxt xt nb(t) nfr(t) wab(t) pr.t m-bAH nTr-aA n kA n imAxy

iry-at DAA mAa-xrw ms.t(w) n.f a.wy Xr Htpt m Hb.w nw Xr-nTr Hna Sms(w)

n wsir sAx sw wr.w nw Ddw Snyt imt AbDw wp.f wAwt mr.rt.f

m Htp sp sn sqA sw imy.w tA-wr wab.w nw nTr-aA ms.t(w) n.f a.wy m nSmt Hr wAwt imnt

(...) Hkn.k Hna.f m Hpwt.f sDm.i hnw m r n tA-wr hkr grH n sDrt

sDryt nt Sn-Hr dndn(.f) wAwt nfr.t Hr pgA Axt imnt sAx sw

Xnmw Hqt (tpw-a) xpr.w(w) m-HAt d.sn n.f Htpt wab.ti Hna Sms.w n wsir

ms n.f mHwn a.f Xr Htpt nt nTr-aA m Hb.w nb.w nw Xr-nTr ir.n.i (grt) maHat tn

Hr wart nb-Htpt m tA-wr AbDw iw.i im.s

m ATw aA wnwt Hwt-nTr a.wy.sn Xr Htpt pr.t m

nTr-aA n kA n iry-at DAA mAa-xrw


41) Stela of the Chamberlain Semti the Younger BM 574


HTES II, pl. 8-9


Hr Hkn-n-mAat nswt-bit nbw-kAw-ra mry wsir xnty imntyw d anx

bAk.f mAa n st-ib.f Hry-sStA n Xkr-nswt m-xnt smty Dd.f iw d.n wi

Hm.f r-rdwy.f m nxnt(.i) dm(.w) rn.i xnt mit.w.i wn.in Hm.f wSd.f

wi aD.f (bit) nt ra nb wn.k(wi) rf m iw.f aA.f Hs.w m hrw

pn r sf xpr.k(w)i m rx-nsw mAa Ssp.n Hm.f nmtw.i d.w sr.w r aHaw.sn

nD.w n.i iAt m-bAH.sn m m-xnt Hr n StA Hm-nTr n Smas mHws

Hm Xnm n Xkr-nswt ms.s wrt-HkAw twA HDt m pr-wr Hry-tp (nxby) Hm

nt m pr-nw dmD.w n.f a rxt sA(w) iw.t.f m DbAw m

sxa.t Hr nb aH mnat nTr m waaw d.f irt n pr(w).n.s im.f xrp sAw

m sSm StA nb snD m Hwwt nt smA aA m Hwt-nbw ms.tw nTr m nhpw

i.n.i m-xnt xr Hm.f d.f sip(.i) it.w.f nTrw dr.i nkn srwD mswt(?)

kAt.sn m xt (nt) nHH wD(.w) n.i nb.t wDHw.w.sn Dam Xr sDAwt.i

pH.n.i Abw mi wD.dt n sn-tA n nb qbHw i.n.i Hr ir.t.n.i

Hr.s Hw.n.i mnit r AbDw wd.k(w)i rn.i

r bw Xry nTr wsir xnty imntyw nb nHH HqA imnt rw.w

n.f ntt wn n-mrwt Ax im m Hr-ib Sms.w

n nb-anx wnm.i pAq.f pr.i m hrw ir bA.i

irtyw rmT imA-ib.w n maHat.i ...

n srx.i Dr-ntt n ir.i DAt xnm.n.i nTr m

mAat wn.i im bA.k(w)i Ax.k(w)i m smt

HqAt nt nHH ir.i Hpt hA r nSmt sn.i

tA n wp-wAwt m-xnt smty Sri mAa-xrw nb imAx


45) Stela of the Chamberlain Intef son of Sent BM 572


HTES II, pl. 22


rnpt-sp 39 xr Hm n Hr anx-mswt nTr nfr nb tAwy nswt-bit sA-ra s-n-wsrt d anx Dt

Htp-di-nswt wsir nb ddw xnty imntyw nTr-aA nb AbDw pr-xrw t Hnqt xA iH Apd

n imAx imy-r aXnwty in-it-f stA wr.w n Smaw rd m-bAH Hr Xwt.sn m

xA n rpat TAt rd m-tp-n mAa-xrw xft sDm.w xt aA (snik) (nik)

Hr wnwt.f sHD n (SnTw) d Hr n Hry.w iAwt.sn m-Xnw sH

irw Dd.w n.f sA iwt.f in Hry smdt.f nb.t spd ib Hr aSA

irw dwA-nTr.f n kmt xt.f swAH mAw m wrwt xft-Hr DADAt aHa.t(w) Hms.t(w)

Xr nfr.i (Hr-ntt).i m bAk mrrw d(.w) n.i pH iAwt ms.w.i nb(w) iAt m

pr-nswt xrp kAt m tA-Sma rx nmtwt hp.w nw irt sbAw m wDa s 2

wa mnx iqr nDt-r hnn mdw rx(w)w r.sn hb(w) n mnx.f Hr ib smi.f

n sDm rx pXr n wnnt m ib Hsy n imyw-r.f nty rx.w m pr nb

ir(w) n.f ib.f mXr.f xAm rmn.f n Hryw-tp.f mrrw Snyt nswt

mt rn m rx-xt Sms Hr mTn nn Dnb sDm mdw m HD

n gb Hry StA n aDt(?) imAx imy-r aXnwty in-it-f ir.n snt


46) Stela of the Chamberlain Intef son of Sent BM 562


HTES pl. 24


... Hr abA.i ix Dd sr.w swA.t(y).sn

ix d.sn n.i Ax anx.i m TAw n dd rmT(t) sanx.sn

rn.i nTrw pw n m-xt wAs Htp bA d.n.sn sxA.f mnx.n(.i) wi

n m-xt rnpwt bAk.n.i m Ax.t s n.i sn qn r ir(t).n.i n.i

in Drw rx m ixt d.n.i nfr.i xr pr.i mrt.i xt tA r-Dr.f

n qr.i s n Hry-tp.f n Dar.i n sxm-ir-f rd.n.i t n Hqr Hnqt n ib

DA.n.i gm(w).n.i iw(.w) Ts.n.i nmtt Xr wD-nswt smA.n.i

m Hsw.w s n mt r-gs rmT(t) aqA m sb(t) n sbA Dd.w

rf rmT(t) ir.f HA tA mH(.w) m mit.w.f Dd.n.i

nw n sn.w.i n pr-n-Dt.i iw qrs.n.i iA Hbs.n.i

HAy n ir.i iwit r rmT(t) msD.Dt

nTr pw ir.n.i mAat mr.t.n nswt i.i.n.i r niwt.i hA.n.i

m spAt.i ir.n.i mr.(r)t rmT(t) Hs.st

nTrw in Hm n nswt-bit xpr-kA-ra sA-ra s-n-wsrt anx Dt

rd wi m-m smr.w.f ... in-it-f ir.n snt


49) Stela of the Storehouse Overseer Amenemhet BM 567


HTES II, pl. 5


rnpt-sp 13 xr Hm n nswt-bit

nbw-kAw-ra d anx Dt r nHH Htp-di-nswt wsir nb

Ddw xnty imntyw nb AbDw wp-wAwt xnty AbDw

Hqt Hna Xnmw nTrw nb(w) AbDw d.sn pr-xrw t Hnqt iH Apd Ss mnxt xt nb.t nfr(t) pr.t m-bAH

nTr ms.t(w) n.f a.wy Xr Htp m Hb.w nw Xr-nTr Hna Sms.w n wsir tp(w)-a xpr.w(w) Xr-HAt sAx (sw)

wr.w nw Ddw Snyt imt AbDw wp.f wAwt mr.rt.f m Htpt

Hna Df sqA sw imy.w tA-wr wab.w nw nTr-aA rd.t(w) n.f a.wy m nSmt Hr wAwt imnt (Dsr).f Hpt m

sktt sqd.f m (manDt) Dd.t(w) n.f ii.w m Htp in wr.w nw AbDw sDA.f Hna nTr-aA m

DAt-nTr r r-pqr nSmt wr.t r nmtt.s m Hb.w nw Xr-nTr sAx sw

kA-imnt Hkn.f Hna.f m Hpt.f sdm.f hnw m r n tA-wr hAkr grH n sDrt

m sDryt nt Hr-Sn dndn.f wAwt nfr.t Hr pgAw Axt imntt sAx sw

Xnmw Hqt tp(w)-a xpr(ww) Xr-HAt Hr msxnt nt AbDw pr(ww) m r n ra Ds.f m (sDsr) AbDw

d.sn n.f Htpt wab.ti Hna Sms.w n wsir sqA sw imy tA-wr sxnt wsir

st.f r wr.w imy.w tA-Dsr baH.f m Htpt Dfw XAmt-xt im n wsir m wAg

m DHwtt m rkH m tpy-rnpt m Hb.w nb.w ir(r)w n nTr-aA ms n.f mHwn

a.f Xr Htpt nt nTr-aA Hms.f Hr imn n wsir m-HAt saH.w Sps.w spr.f r nTr-aA

Sms.f sw m wAwt nb.t wab.t Ssp.f xt Hr

Htpt aA(t) m Xrt-hrw ra nb imy-r Sna.w imn-m-HAt nb imAx Dd.f ir.n.i

(grt) maHat tn Hr msxnt nt AbDw tA-Dsr

Axt imntt wart aA.t hmhmt sAx.Tw

xnty(w) is.w.sn n-mrwt wsr(.i) Ax(.i) m Smsw n

xnty-imntyw nb ddw HqA AbDw iw n.f ntt iwtt

(mHwn) ms a.wy Xr Htpt pr.t m-bAH nTr-aA m Xrt-hrw

nt ra nb i anxw tpy(w) tA mr.rw anx ms.w.sn

sn-tA n xnty-imntyw m prt-aAt

rd.t iA n Hwt-Hr Hrt-tp smt ... nbt pr.w

Hr.w in imAx imy-r Sna.w imn-m-HAt


50) Stela of the Storehouse Overseer Amenemhet Cairo CG 20040


Lange-Schäfer, op. cit., Grab und Denksteine I, p. 50


... wsir mA.i wp-wAwt wbn.f m nTr ...

... sHb.f S.w wryt DA n.i mHwn

a.f sHtp.f xAwt saH.w

sDm.i hnw.sn nik(.w) sbi

m prt sm

Ax.i m-m Ax.w grH n hkr mA(.w)

Hr-mHty Sms.i sw m Hr-rsy dwA(.w) nwt wrt irt ra

mA.w m wrt (iHwt) imAx imy-r Sna imn-m-HAt mAa-xrw

Dd.f i HAty-a imy-r Hm-nTr nb xtm-nTr nb sS Hwt-nTr nb Xry-Hb nb mty-n-sA nb Hm-nTr aSA nb

xpr.t(y).f(y) m Hwt-nTr nt wsir

kA tA-wr m mr.r.tn wp-wAwt nTr.tn

bnr mrt Dd.tn xA m t Hnqt

iH Apd n imAx imy-r Sna.w imn-m-HAt mAa-xrw


52) Stela of the Commander Imeny BM 162


HTES IV, pl. 33


Htp-di-nswt xr wsir xnty imntyw nb AbDw m swt.f nb.t nfr.t

wab.t d.f prt-xrw m t m Hnqt m iH.w Apd.w m xt nb(t)

nfr.t n kA n imAxw xr nTr-aA mr mSa wr imny ir.n qbw mAa-xrw

d.t(w) n.f a.wy m nSmt Hr wAwt imnt Ssp.f Htpt Hr

Htp aA m Hb.w n Xr-nTr Dd.t(w) n.f (ii.w) m Htp in wr.w n AbDw m wAg

m DHwtt m Hb skr m prt mnw

m prt-tpt m tp-tr m Hb nb aA ir(r)w

n wsir xnty imntyw nTr-aA n kA n mr mSa wr imny


53) Stela of the Commander Imeny Cairo CG 20546


Lange-Schäfer, op. cit., Grab und Denksteine II, p. 171


Htp-di-nswt inpw tpy-Dw-f imy-wt nb tA-Dsr xnty sH-nTr m swt.f

nb(t) d.f prt-xrw m t Hnqt m iH Apd m xt nb(t) nfr.t wab.t anx.t nTr

im n kA n imAx xtm-bit smr-wat mr mSa wr imny ir.n qbw

m prt-tpt m DAt-nTr r xrp pqr m nmt.f nb(t)

m tA-wr m AbDw n imAx xtm-bit smr-wat mr mSa wr imny mAa-xrw

rpa HAty-a wr wr.w saH smr.w sr

m-HAt rxyt mr mSa imny


54) Stela of the Steward Inher-Nakht BM 575


HTES II, pl. 18


rnpt-sp 7 xr Hm n Hr nTr-xprw

nbty nTr-mswt nswt-bit xa-kAw-ra sA-ra s-n-wsrt d anx Dt

bAk.f mAa n st-ib.f ir(r) Hs.st nb.t m Xrt-hrw nt ra nb

imy-r pr Hsb it in-Hr(t)-nxt mAa-xrw Dd.f ir.n.i grt maHat tn

r rd n nTr-aA nb anx xnty AbDw n-mrt Ssp aAbwt

snTr Htp-nTr Hr wDHw n nb nTrw Dd.t(w) n.i ii.w

m Htp in wr.w nw AbDw d.t(w) n.i a.wy m nSmt

m Hb.w Xr-nTr Ssp(.i) Htpt wab.ti pr.t m-bAH

nTr-aA m-xt Htp kA.f im m wAwt.f nfr.t wab.t imt tA-Dsr sDm.i

hnw m r n tA-wr grH nfr hAkr imy-r pr Hsb it in-Hr(t)-nxt mAa-xrw

wdn Sbw Sat t-HD n wp-wAwt

m prt-tpt in

imy-r pr Hsb it in-Hr(t)-nxt mAa-xrw

mAA nfrw xnty-imntyw wp-wAwt

m prt-aAt